Abortion in Latin America while the Caribbean

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Abortion in Latin America while the Caribbean

Incidence and styles

  • During 2010–2014, an approximated 6.5 million induced abortions took place each 12 months in Latin America while the Caribbean—up from 4.4 million during 1990–1994.
  • The yearly price of abortion is predicted at 44 per 1,000 females of reproductive age (15–44), an increase that is slight 40 per 1,000 in 1990–1994.
  • The local abortion price is roughly 48 per 1,000 for hitched females and 29 per 1,000 for unmarried ladies. 1
  • At the time of 2010–2014, abortion prices vary across subregions, from 33 per 1,000 feamales in Central America to 48 per 1,000 in south usa to 59 per 1,000 when you look at the Caribbean.
  • The percentage of all of the pregnancies in Latin America as well as the Caribbean closing in abortion increased between 1990–1994 and 2010–2014, from 23% to 32per cent. 1

Appropriate status of abortion

  • Significantly more than 97percent of females of reproductive age in Latin America additionally the Caribbean are now living in nations with restrictive abortion rules (in other terms., countries in the 1st four groups in dining Table 2). 2
  • Abortion is certainly not allowed for just about any explanation in six nations. Nine other people enable it nearly solely to save lots of the woman’s life, with just some providing restricted exceptions for rape (Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Panama) and fetal that is grave (Chile, Panama and almost 1 / 2 of the states of Mexico).
  • Less than 3% associated with region’s women reside in nations where abortion is broadly legal—that is, allowed either without limitation as to reason or on socioeconomic grounds. 2

Unsafe abortion and its own effects

  • Induced abortion is clinically safe whenever methods that are WHO-recommended employed by trained people, less safe when only 1 of these two requirements is met, and least safe whenever neither is met. A lot of women undergo unsafe (i.e., less safe or least safe) procedures that place their wellbeing in danger.
  • During 2010–2014, about one in four abortions in Latin America and also the Caribbean had been safe. The bulk (60per cent) of procedures dropped to the category that is less-safe.
  • About 760,000 ladies in the spot are addressed yearly for problems from unsafe abortion. 3
  • In 2014, at the very least 10% of all of the maternal fatalities (or 900 fatalities) in Latin America together with Caribbean were from unsafe abortion. 4
  • The most typical problems from unsafe abortion are incomplete abortion, extortionate loss of blood and illness.
  • Bad and rural women can be the absolute most very likely to experience an unsafe abortion and serious problems thereof.
  • Postabortion services in the area are frequently of low quality. Typical shortcomings consist of delays in therapy, utilization of improper interventions, insufficient access, and judgmental attitudes among hospital and medical center staff. These factors deter that is likely females from acquiring required treatment.
  • The application of misoprostol to cause abortions keeps growing more widespread for the area and seemingly have increased the security of clandestine procedures.
  • From 2005 to 2012, the procedure price of problems from unsafe abortion dropped by one-third, from 7.7 to 5.3 situations per 1,000 ladies of reproductive age. This most likely represents a real reduction in problems needing care.

Unintended maternity and need that is unmet

  • At the time of 2017, a lot more than 24 million females of reproductive age in Latin America while the Caribbean have actually an unmet dependence on contemporary contraception—that is, they would like to avoid a maternity but they are either not exercising contraception or are employing conventional practices, that are less efficient than modern practices. 5
  • The majority of women who possess an abortion do this they do not intend to because they become pregnant when. As of 2010–2014, Latin America plus the Caribbean has got the rate that is highest of unintended maternity of any globe region—96 per 1,000 females aged 15–44. Into the subregion for the Caribbean, the price ended up being 116 unintended pregnancies per 1,000 ladies.
  • An believed 14 million pregnancies that are unintended every year in Latin America therefore the Caribbean; among these, almost half (46%) result in abortion.


  • Programs and policies that improve women’s and men’s understanding of, use of and employ of contraceptive practices must certanly be implemented to lessen pregnancies—and that is unintended abortions or unplanned births that frequently follow.
  • The quality and provision of postabortion care must be improved and expanded to cut back disease and death from unsafe abortion.
  • The causes for appropriate abortion must certanly be broadened and use of abortion that is safe enhanced to cut back the amount of clandestine procedures while the negative effects that often happen.
  • Use of household preparation and postabortion care must certanly be prioritized for bad and rural females, who encounter disproportionately high prices of infection and death from unsafe abortion.


1. Unique tabulations of updated data from Sedgh G et al., Abortion incidence between 1990 and 2014: worldwide, local, and levels that are subregional styles, Lancet, 2016, 388(10041):258–267.

2. Unique calculations of information from un, Department of Economic and personal Affairs, Population Division, World populace leads: the 2015 modification, 2015; and Center for Reproductive Rights, The world’s abortion laws 2017, no date,

3. Singh S and Maddow-Zimet we, Facility-based treatment plan for medical problems caused by unsafe maternity termination within the developing globe, 2012: overview of evidence from 26 nations, BJOG, 2015, doi:10.1111/1471-0528.13552.

4. Unpublished information from Singh S, Darroch JE and Ashford LS, Including It Up: the expenses and great things about buying Sexual and Reproductive Health 2014, ny: Guttmacher Institute, 2014.

5. Guttmacher Institute, Including it: buying contraception and maternal and newborn wellness in Latin America additionally the Caribbean, Fact Sheet, nyc: Guttmacher Institute, 2017.

dining Table 1 supply: Unique tabulations of updated data from Sedgh G et al., Abortion incidence between 1990 and 2014: international, local, and levels that are subregional styles, Lancet, 2016, 388(10041):258–267.

Table 2 supply: Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR), The World’s Abortion Laws 2017, ny: CRR, 2017; and Singh S et al., Abortion internationally 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access, nyc: Guttmacher Institute, 2018.

Unless otherwise suggested, data in this particular fact sheet are located in: Singh S et al., Abortion internationally 2017: Uneven Progress and Unequal Access, nyc: Guttmacher Institute, 2018; unique tabulations of updated data from Sedgh G et al., Abortion incidence between 1990 and 2014: global, local, and subregional amounts and styles, Lancet, 2016, 388(10041):258–267; Ganatra B et al., Global, local, and subregional category of abortions by security, 2010–14: quotes from a Bayesian hierarchical model, Lancet, 2017, 390(10110):2372–2381; and Bearak J et al., Global, local, and subregional styles in unintended maternity and its particular outcomes from 1990 to 2014: quotes from a Bayesian hierarchical model, Lancet worldwide wellness, 2018, 6(4):e380–e389.

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